What is the Supplementary Retirement Scheme, or SRS?
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Singapore’s Supplementary Retirement Scheme (SRS) is a program created by Singapore’s Ministry of Finance. It encourages both Singaporeans and foreigners to save more for retirement by offering attractive tax incentives to those who participate.
What’s the main difference between CPF and SRS?
Unlike CPF, SRS is entirely voluntary. Additionally, an SRS account holder can choose to invest the SRS funds from a wide list of approved options, while the majority of CPF investments are managed by the CPF Board.
How much can you contribute to your SRS?
Singaporeans and PRs can contribute up to $15,300 SGD per year to their SRS bank accounts, and foreigners can contribute up $35,700 SGD per year.
What are the tax benefits of SRS?
SRS’s main advantage comes down to the tax benefits it offers. Contributions are fully deducted from your tax bill each year.
Singaporeans who max out their SRS contributions can decrease their taxes by up to $3,366 SGD each year. And the higher their marginal tax bracket, the higher their tax saving.
Foreigners can contribute up to a higher cap of $35,700 SGD and can save upwards of $7,854 SGD per annum. These savings total nearly $80,000 SGD over the course of 10 years, assuming that they maximise their SRS contributions during those 10 years.
Participants who withdraw their SRS at retirement, or when conditions are met, are given a 50% tax concession. They can also spread out their withdrawals over 10 years to minimise the taxes.
How do you open an SRS account?
You can open an SRS account with DBS, OCBC, and UOB, and then instruct your bank on how you want them to invest your contributions.
Investment options range from products distributed by the bank itself to others provided by third-party fund managers approved by the Ministry of Finance. If you want to invest in a product not distributed by your bank, you'll need to get in touch with the fund manager directly.
Should you invest SRS contributions?
Investing your SRS funds is a way to make the most of your SRS contributions. Otherwise, your contributions will be losing value as they get eaten up by inflation.
If you contribute the full $15,300 SGD per annum every year for 20 years, that would be worth $306,000 SGD after 20 years. But, if you invested it and earned 5% net returns per annum, you'd earn $504,850 SGD in 20 years. And if you contributed the max amount for 30 years, you'd have $459,000 in savings. But again, if you invested those contributions each year and earned 5% net returns per annum, you’d have $1,003,436 SGD in 30 years.
There's a wide range of financial vehicles for your to invest your SRS funds in once you open an account. These vehicles include stocks, bonds, fixed deposits, unit trusts, and annuity plans. StashAway is one of the many providers of SRS investment options.
When can you withdraw your SRS funds?
When you reach the statutory retirement age of 62, Singaporeans and PRs can withdraw from their SRS accounts over a period of up to 10 years, starting on the date of the first withdrawal. For foreigners, withdrawals without penalties are possible after 10 years of opening the SRS account.
Fifty percent of every withdrawal will be subject to tax. That's why timing withdrawals properly is the key to maximising the tax advantages from the SRS contributions. This means that you should withdraw when your marginal tax rate is lowest.
It’s important you only contribute to SRS if you’re certain you won’t need the funds until retirement. Because, if you don’t meet the early withdrawal conditions, you'll face a 5% penalty, and 100% of the early withdrawal will be taxed.
Should you have an SRS account?
This isn’t a simple 'yes or no' question. There are a few things you need to consider when determining whether an SRS account is right for you:
- Liquidity: Are you certain that you won’t need to touch the money before you can withdraw it penalty-free? For Singaporeans and PRs, that's the statutory age of 62, and for foreigners, that’s 10 years from the first deposit. Given the penalties that come with an early withdrawal, make sure you’re confident that you have enough liquidity elsewhere that you won’t need to tap into this account early.
- Income: Although anyone can contribute to an SRS account, those who earn higher income see the greatest tax benefits by contributing to SRS because of their higher marginal tax rate.
- Medium- to long-term plans: If you’re a foreigner, you should be confident that you’ll be living in Singapore for the medium term, as you don't want to withdraw before the 10 years are up. Otherwise, you'll face the penalties that come with early withdrawals.
Here's what else you should consider when deciding on whether you should have an SRS account.